- World class jiu-jitsu skills. Palhares has won 8 fights via submission.
- Leg locks. Palhares has won 6 fights via various leg locks.
- His fight with Dan Henderson at UFC 88. Palhares lost via UD but had a good showing against the MMA legend Henderson.
- His power. Palhares is a very big and strong MW.
- His controversial loss to Nate Marquardt at UFC Fight Night: Marquardt vs. Palhares. Palhares went for a leg lock and when Marquardt escaped, Palhares looked at the referee and claimed Marquardt's leg was greasy. Marquardt TKO'd the distracted Palhares and it was later deemed he had not greased.